In the realm of automotive engineering, the shift linkage system of the Ford F-150 plays a critical role in ensuring efficient gear changes. Even with the F-150’s robust design, various issues may arise in this crucial system.
So, what kind of problems does an American-made Ford F-150 normally have with shift linkage?
Ford F-150 problems with the shift linkage include a lock clip that’s not fully seated in 2018 and 2020 models, as well as a loose shift linkage roll pin in 2017 models. Furthermore, bad shift linkage bushing, loose Torx screws of the shift lever, and a broken shifter cable are common in 2004 – 2008 models.
However, that doesn’t tell the whole story. In the rest of the article, we’ll discuss every single shift linkage problem in detail. Furthermore, we’ll let you know how to identify it, fix it, and how much it costs to fix it. Read on!
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1. Transmission Shift Cable Lock Clip May Not Be Fully Seated
2018 and 2020 model years of the F-150 with a 10-speed automatic transmission were recalled because the transmission selector lever cable adjuster locking clip wasn’t installed properly. According to Ford, this condition allowed for the following defect:
This condition could also allow the driver to move the shift lever to Park and remove the ignition key with the transmission gear not in Park.Source
In the image below, Ford provided visual guidelines of what a seated and unseated transmission locking clip looks like. In the case of the recall, it was still advised you’d visit your dealer and have them resolve the issue to make sure you’re covered for any future problems.
2. Loose Shift Linkage Pin
Ford recalled the 2017 Ford F-150 because of a loose shift linkage roll pin that’s responsible for connecting the shift linkage to the transmission. The roll pin was at risk of becoming too loose, preventing the transmission from shifting.
Symptoms of a loose shift linkage roll pin were stated to be:
- A loose or low-effort feel of the shift lever
- If the vehicle is equipped with a floor shifter, the shifter indicator could display inaccurate gear
- When exiting the vehicle, if the transmission is not in Park, the ignition key can be removed,
but a warning chime will sound and a message will be displayed in the instrument cluster
indicating Transmission Not in Park
- If the transmission is not in Park or Neutral, the driver would not be able to restart the vehicle
- Unintended vehicle movement
The solution to the problem involved having dealers replace the roll pin by removing the transmission fluid pan. This would give direct access to the location of the loose roll pin as shown in the image below.
3. Bad Shift Linkage Bushings
The shift linkage bushing is an essential part that connects the transmission linkage and the shift cable. Apart from its primary function, the shift linkage bushing on the F150 enhances the overall feel of the shifter since it reduces the side-to-side and front-to-back compliance with the mechanism of the stock shifter with rubber insulators.
Over a period of time, the shift linkage bushing on the Ford F150 can get damaged due to abuse, lack of maintenance practices, or high mileage of the vehicle. This is mainly common in the 2004 – 2008 Ford F-150 but it can happen on every F-150 that has higher mileage.
Symptoms of a potentially bad shift linkage bushing involve:
- Odd noises like thumping, bumping, squealing, and whirring
- No gear shifting, in case the bushing fell apart
- Gear Lever Vibrations, in case the bushing is loose but still attached
- Transmission jumping into neutral
- Gear shifting becoming difficult
Luckily, replacing the shift linkage bushing isn’t the most difficult thing in the world. In the video below you can get an understanding of where the bushing is located and how to replace it.
4. Loose Shift Linkage Issue On Older F-150s
Many owners have reported automatic transmission linkage issues in their Ford F150. Usually, this problem occurs with high mileage trucks, which have been driven over 150,000 miles.
When this problem occurs, you won’t be able to manually change the gear in your Ford F150 truck. In most cases, this issue can be solved easily without much worry.
To solve this, you would have to remove the plastic cover above the brake and on the bottom of the dash. Once removed, look beneath; you would be able to see the steering column. Somewhere there, look back toward the vehicle’s interior to find a device that holds the shift cable.
Once found, move the shifter down and up, and you should see the device rotate with the cable attached. Now, ensure the Torx screws holding the plate in place are tight, and none is missing.
If loose, tighten them, and it should solve the problem. Also, do not put excess strength while tightening the screws, or they might break, further increasing the problem.
Check out the video below for visual instructions on how to do all of this.
5. Bad Shift Selector Cable
The shift selector cable on your Ford F150 is responsible for putting the transmission into the desired gear. F150 with automatic transmission usually has one cable that goes from the transmission to the shifter assembly. On the contrary, F150 with manual transmission would have two cables.
But both the automatic and the manual transmission show the same symptoms if the shift selector cable goes bad. If you suspect any problem with the shift selector cable on your F150, the most common symptom is the car refusing to go turn off or start. This is because it’s stuck in a gear that it’s not supposed to be in, and you’ll need to replace the cable and put the transmission in the right gear to fix this problem.
It’s likely that the shift selector cable broke somewhere around the point where it goes from the interior, through the firewall, to the transmission. Again, this is mainly a problem caused by increased wear over time and therefore it’s mainly an issue in older models.
The above symptoms are a good indication of a faulty shift selector cable. To solve this problem replacing the cable is recommended. In the United States, a new shift selector cable for the Ford F150 can cost anywhere around $40-$50. Watch the video below for instructions on how to identify a bad shift selector cable.
Less Common Ford F-150 Shift Linkage Problems:
While the following problems may not be as common as those outlined above, they are nonetheless potential issues that could affect the shift linkage system in a Ford F-150.
6. Faulty Shift Interlock Solenoid
The shift interlock solenoid is a crucial safety feature, that prevents the driver from shifting the vehicle out of Park unless the brake pedal is depressed. This feature helps minimize the chances of accidental vehicle movement when starting the vehicle or idling.
A faulty shift interlock solenoid can make it difficult or even impossible to shift your vehicle out of Park. This problem often manifests as an inability to move the shift lever from the Park position.
In some cases, the issue might be intermittent, causing the shift lever to seem stuck at random intervals. This you will find can be both confusing and frustrating, as the issue might seem to resolve itself only to reappear later.
Common causes include:
- Simple wear and tear, as the solenoid is a mechanical component that can fail over time due to repeated use.
- Electrical issues, as the solenoid requires electricity to function.
- A blown fuse, faulty wiring, or a problem with the brake light switch could all lead to solenoid issues.
In some cases, the issue might not be with the solenoid itself but with the brake pedal switch or the ignition switch. Both of these components interact directly with the shift interlock system, so faults in these parts can mimic a faulty solenoid.
The first step in addressing a suspected shift interlock solenoid problem is a thorough diagnosis by a professional mechanic. They’ll likely check the brake light switch, the ignition switch, the relevant fuses and wiring, and the solenoid itself.
This diagnosis will help to ensure that the actual source of the problem is identified and addressed. If the solenoid itself is to blame, the most common solution is to replace it.
7. Shift Lever Bracket Damages
The shift lever bracket serves as the foundation and guide for the shift lever, stabilizing it during operation. It forms a critical connection point between the shift lever and the shift linkage system, which transmits the driver’s gear selection from the lever to the transmission.
If the shift lever bracket gets damaged or breaks entirely, shifting gears can become increasingly difficult. This is due to the lack of stability and guidance, which can lead to misalignment within the shifting mechanism.
In some severe cases, the shift lever may become free-floating or disconnected from the shift linkage system altogether. This essentially disconnects the shift lever from the transmission, rendering gear changes impossible and leaving the vehicle in its current gear.
The main causes of shift lever bracket damage are:
- General wear and tear. As with any mechanical component, the shift lever bracket is subject to stress and strain during normal operation, and over time, this can lead to weakening and eventual failure of the component.
- Forced shifting, such as attempting to change gears without fully depressing the clutch in manual transmissions.
- Changing gears while the vehicle is still moving in automatic transmissions.
If your shift lever bracket is damaged or broken, it will most likely need to be replaced. Replacement involves removing the shift lever and linkage to access the bracket, then installing a new bracket in its place.
Depending on the model of the F-150, this might require removing interior panels or the center console, making this task potentially complex. We recommend that its best to consult a professional mechanic to handle such repairs.
3. Corroded Or Stretched Shift Cables
Shift cables play an essential role in transmitting the mechanical motion from the shift lever to the transmission, allowing the driver to select the desired gear. These cables can suffer from corrosion or become stretched over time, leading to degraded performance and issues with gear shifting.
When corrosion sets in, it can result in stiff or sticky gear changes due to the resistance created by the rusted components.
Similarly, a stretched shift cable can lose its effectiveness in transmitting the required motion, resulting in sloppy or inaccurate gear shifting. In severe cases, these problems could make it impossible to shift into certain gears, which could pose serious safety risks while driving.
The primary causes of corrosion in shift cables are:
- Exposure to elements like water, salt, and other corrosive substances. Often seen in vehicles driven in areas with high humidity, near the sea, or in regions that use road salt during winter months.
- Shift cables can become stretched due to prolonged use, high-stress driving situations, or forceful gear changes.
If your shift cables are corroded or stretched, the best course of action is usually to replace them. While it may be possible to lubricate or adjust them temporarily, this doesn’t resolve the underlying issue and the problem is likely to recur.
Replacing shift cables requires some technical skill as it involves accessing the transmission and the shift lever assembly, so it’s typically a job best left to professional mechanics. The cost for this can vary depending on labor rates and the cost of the parts, but it’s a crucial fix for ensuring the safe operation of the vehicle.
With an understanding of the common Ford F-150 shift linkage problems under your belt, you’ll be far better equipped to maintain and troubleshoot your vehicle.
Yet, shift linkage problems are just one piece of the complex automotive puzzle. It’s worth noting that the Ford F-150, particularly high-performance models such as the Raptor, can face an array of additional problems.
In addition, the F-150 series, famous for its robust 4×4 capabilities, sometimes encounters issues related to its 4×4 actuator.
Moreover, a significant number of F-150s are equipped with the renowned 2.7 and 3.5 EcoBoost engines. However, these powertrains can occasionally present certain difficulties, as you can discover in detail by reading our article “Common Ford F-150 2.7 and 3.5 EcoBoost Problems“.
In conclusion, understanding the complex world of vehicle mechanics might seem daunting at first. Still, with the right knowledge and resources at your fingertips, you’ll be able to tackle any problem that comes your way, ensuring a smoother and safer journey on the road ahead.
Hi! My name is Stefan; I’m the owner and lead writer at TheDriverAdviser.com.
I’m an active writer on this blog myself, as well as a novice car mechanic. For the really technical stuff, I find writers with experience as a mechanic or who have studied mechanical engineering.
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